GENERAL ALBERT GALLATIN JENKINS 
 
Happy Confederate birthday to Albert Gallatin Jenkins (November 10, 1830 – May 21, 1864) an attorney, planter, representative to the United States Congress and First Confederate Congress, and a Confederate brigadier general during the American Civil War. The commander of a brigade of cavalry from what became West Virginia, he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain near Dublin, Virginia. 
 
Early life and career 
 
Jenkins was born to wealthy plantation owner Capt. William Jenkins and his wife Jeanette Grigsby McNutt in Cabell County, Virginia, now West Virginia. At the age of fifteen, he attended Marshall Academy. He graduated from Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1848 and from Harvard Law School in 1850. Jenkins was admitted to the bar that same year and established a practice in Charleston, before inheriting a portion of his father's sprawling plantation in 1859. He was named a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Cincinnati in 1856, and was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth United States Congresses. 
 
Civil War 
 
With the outbreak of the Civil War and Virginia's subsequent secession, Jenkins declined running for a third term and resigned from Congress in early 1861. He returned home and raised a company of mounted partisan rangers. By June, his company had enrolled in the Confederate army as a part of the 8th Virginia Cavalry, with Jenkins as its colonel. By the end of the year, his men had become such a nuisance to Federal interests in western Virginia that Governor Francis H. Pierpont appealed to President Abraham Lincoln to send in a strong leader to stamp out rebellion in the region. Early in 1862, Jenkins left the field to become a delegate to the First Confederate Congress. He was appointed brigadier general August 1, 1862, and returned to active duty. Throughout the fall, his men performed well, continuing to harass Union troops and supply lines, including the vital Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. 
 
In September, Jenkins's cavalry raided northern Kentucky and West Virginia, and briefly entered extreme southern Ohio near Buffington Island, becoming the one of the first organized Confederate units to enter a Northern state. In December, Robert E. Lee requested that Jenkins and his men transfer to the Shenandoah Valley. 
 
After spending the winter foraging for supplies, he led his men on a raid in March 1863 through western Virginia. During the Gettysburg Campaign, Jenkins' brigade formed the cavalry screen for Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps. Jenkins led his men through the Cumberland Valley into Pennsylvania and seized Chambersburg, burning down nearby railroad structures and bridges. He accompanied Ewell's column to Carlisle, briefly skirmishing with Union militia at the Battle of Sporting Hill near Harrisburg. During the subsequent Battle of Gettysburg, Jenkins was wounded on July 2 and missed the rest of the fighting. He did not recover sufficiently to rejoin his command until autumn. 
 
He spent the early part of 1864 raising and organizing a large cavalry force for service in western Virginia. By May, Jenkins had been appointed Commander of the Department of Western Virginia with his headquarters at Dublin. Hearing that Union Brig. Gen. George Crook had been dispatched from the Kanawha Valley with a large force, Jenkins took the field to contest the Federal arrival. On May 9, 1864, he was severely wounded and captured during the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain. A Union surgeon amputated Jenkins' arm, but he never recovered, dying twelve days later. He was initially buried in New Dublin Presbyterian Cemetery. After the war, his remains were reinterred at his home in Greenbottom, near Huntington, West Virginia. He was later reinterred in the Confederate plot in Spring Hill Cemetery in Huntington. 
 
Memorialization 
 
Jenkins's home, Green Bottom, has been restored and is now a museum run by the West Virginia Division of Culture and History. In 1937, Marshall University constructed Jenkins Hall, naming it in honor of the distinguished Confederate cavalry officer. In 2005, a monument to General Jenkins was erected in Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, commemorating his service during the Gettysburg Campaign. 
 
Source: Southern Perspective, The American Civil War
                        TRUTH ABOUT THOSE DAMN YANKEES... 
 
When left to their own devices, former slaves reconstituted their families as best they could. In Northern Virginia, on the outskirts of the nation’s capital, a group of sixteen families established a small settlement, with men working as laborers in nearby military depots and the women tending the children, and keeping house in the shanties they proudly called home. The wife of an army chaplain described how their efforts came to naught when the Federal government unaccountably changed its policy respecting the settlement. 
 
“About ten days after this conversation a body of Union soldiers entered the village claiming to have been sent by Genl Augur with peremptory orders “to clear out this village.” This order was executed so literally that even a dying child was ordered out of the house — The grandmother who had taken care of it since its mothers death begged leave to stay until the child died, but she was refused. 
 
The men who were absent at work, came home at night to find empty houses, and their families gone, they knew not whither! — Some of them came to Lieut. Shepard to enquire for their lost wives and children — 
 
In tears and indignation, they protested against a tyranny worse than their past experiences of slavery — One man said, “I going back to my old master — I never saw hard times till since I called myself a freeman. 
 
Source: Families & Freedom: A Documentary History of African-American Kinship in the Civil War Era, pp.67-72, Edited by Ira Berlin and Leslie S. Rowland